A stroke is a medical emergency. The impact of a stroke will depend on the level of damage that has been done to brain cells. A severe stroke can cause physical disablement, mental impairment and in the worst cases sudden death.
Many people do not know what the warning signs of a stroke are, which means they may delay getting help when they need it most. This article includes information about: What is a Stroke? Who Is at Risk for Having One? How Do You Recognize Symptoms of Strokes? What Should I Do If I Think Someone Is Having A Stroke? And More!
A stroke happens when the blood supply to part of your brain is cut off. This means that cells in the affected area die and this can cause disability, such as paralysis or speech problems. It may also cause death if it causes severe damage.
Since there are many different types of strokes you could be at risk depending on which one you get: An embolic stroke occurs due to an obstruction blocking a vessel carrying oxygen-rich blood from reaching parts of your brain; A thrombotic stroke occurs when something blocks an artery leading to the brain preventing circulation; Transient ischemic attacks occur when not all brain blood flow is cut off but the resulting lack of oxygen causes temporary damage.
The main symptom for both types of stroke is a loss or disturbance in movement, sensation and feeling, especially on one side of your body. Other symptoms include: Difficulty talking; Confusion and trouble understanding others; Speech problems such as slurred speech and difficulty finding words; Vision problems such as blurred vision, blind spots and partial sight loss; a sudden headache that comes with no warning signs like nausea or vomiting.
If you think someone is having a stroke you should call 911 immediately. The sooner they get to the hospital, the better their chance of survival and recovery will be. It's important not to wait for any other symptoms to appear before getting help because this could cause brain damage due to lack of oxygen. Don't try driving them yourself either because it can make these symptoms worse if your car goes over bumps or turns quickly while transporting them. If possible place them in a comfortable sitting position with legs slightly raised since lying down can worsen circulation problems which may further harm their condition by reducing blood flow even more than when they were standing up. Also provide comfort through reassuring words that everything will be alright and that medical assistance is on its way so don't say anything negative about their condition.
There are steps that can be taken to lower the risk of stroke: Stop smoking and avoid using tobacco; Reduce alcohol consumption because too much increases blood pressure which in turn, increases your chance for having a stroke; Stay physically active and maintain a healthy diet by eating plenty of fruits and vegetables with reduced amounts of salt, saturated fat, cholesterol and sugars; Learn stress management techniques such as yoga or meditation since they have been shown reduce the likelihood of experiencing strokes. There is nothing more unpredictable than a stroke, and it affects people of all ages, fat and thin, male or female. Ischemic strokes and hemorrhagic strokes are the most common forms of stroke. Ischemic strokes account for 80% of stroke incidents and are caused by a blood clot that cuts off a brain's blood supply. The following are two common causes of ischemic strokes. Embolic Stroke - This is where a blood clot has formed elsewhere on the body and travels through the bloodstream to the brain, which then gets stuck in a smaller blood vessel which blocks the flow of blood. Thrombotic stroke - This is where a clot forms in blood vessels that are already clogged with fatty deposits. These fatty deposits usually clog major blood vessels in the individual neck which then reduce blood flow to the brain.